Museum of the monastery of St. Anthony in Humac

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The oldest monastery church in the whole of Herzeg - Bosnia is located in Humac, a suburb of Ljubuški and only ten kilometers away from Međugorje. In this Franciscan Monastery of St. Anthony of Padua in Humac is the oldest museum in BIH, established in 1884. In the renovated museum are exhibit collected over a broader area of Herzegovina from the Old Stone Age (Paleolithic) to the present day. Also exhibited is the Humac plate from the 1185, the oldest preserved monument written in Croatian language (a mixture of the glagolitic alphabet and old Croatian cyrillic - bosančica) in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Herzegovinian Franciscans for generations modestly collected, preserved and studied material evidence of their country's past and the Croatian cultural and national identity in these areas. Since the establishment of the Herzegovinian Franciscan province the realization of the idea of monk Petar Bakula (Batin, 1816 - Mostar, 1873) was considered, of the opening of the museum that had a role in education.

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Monk Angjeo Nuić (Drinovci, 1850 - Mostar, 1916), archaeologist, conservationist and founder of the Museum of Humac; picture on the wall of the Parish office of St. Anthony of Padua in Humac.

 

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The museum space is arranged in the basement of the monastery

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A rich archaeological collection with pieces from prehistory, antiquity, the Middle Ages and the modern period.

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The least of the exhibits are from the earliest prehistoric period and the Middle Ages.

In the spring of the 1884 the monk Angjeo Nuić redesigned a room in the monastery into the first museum institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today's museum space was redecorated in 2002.

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A necklace from the early Stone Age, around 14,000 BC; Badanj cave near Stolac
The necklace is made out of hollow bones and shells

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Jewellery and clothing decorations (pins and buckles), VII - I century BC

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Decorative buckles for clothing, VII - I century BC

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Decorations for clothes from the 1st century BC

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Rings, XIII - XV century

The most famous museum exhibit is the Humac plate. It is the oldest preserved monument written in Croatian language (ancient Cyrillic - bosančica) in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina. The inscription on the altar has 80 characters (including five of the Glagolitic alphabet) in 25 words, and is incised spirally in three rows in the shape of a square, in order for it to be possible to be read during the tour around the altar: in the name of the Father, the Son and Holy Spirit. This is a church of Archangel Mihovovil, built by Krešimir(?), son of Bret(?) parish(?) Ruc and his wife Pavica(?). Question marks were placed in places where the letters are unclear, and the inscription is still a linguistic, archaeological and historical mystery. The plate is 124 kg heavy. Note: at the top of the plate a glare of two other exhibited objects can be seen in the reflection of the glass.

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Hand shield (Krehin gradac, Čitluk) VIII century BC

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An object of unknown use, possibly a military shield that was worn attached to the abdomen; (Krehin gradac, Čitluk), Late Bronze and Early Iron Age (VIII century BC)

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A Greco-Illyrian type soldier helmet and parts of military equipment: I - V century BC

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A Carolingian type sword, spurs and points of arrows, Humac, IX century

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Spear for piercing armor (top shelf) and maces, XV century

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A miniature bronze figurine of the Illyrian (Daorsi or Ardiaei) goddess, 300 BC

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the relief of the Roman goddess Victoria on a fragment of the temple frieze, around 183 AD

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The Roman military camp in Gračine by the monastery in Humac was up to the third century AD one in a series of Roman fortresses from Krka over to Cetina and Neretva (Dalmatian-Herzegovinian limes). Parts of archaeological findings from that site are exhibited here, and parts in the Museum of Herzegovina in Mostar and the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo. From the six centuries of Roman rule a lot of monuments were left behind.

humac muzej ljubuski 35The inscription about the reconstruction of the temple of the god of wine Libero and his wife Libera; 173 AD

The cohort (Belgarum equitata) during its stay in Humac in the second half of the II century improved and expanded the temple of the god of wine and his wife Libera and left a record of it written in stone. It is possible that the museum is located on the grounds of that temple.

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Stela Quintus Valerius, I century AD

 

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A figurine of the Roman god Mercury

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Only with the help of two mounted magnifiers can we see the detail on the tiny statue of Mercury (messenger of the gods, but also the god of commerce and travel).

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Roman weight for scales

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Ceramic oil lamps - lanterns, I - II century AD

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The transom of the church (St. Michael?) with wicker floral decoration, typical of the early Croatian Romanesque period, Old Town Ljubuški IX - XI century

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Romanesque stone head, XII - XIII century

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Stamp of the Hum prince Miroslav, XII century

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Humac plate; Humac around 1185

*On almost all of the beginnings of the descriptions, as a symbolic invocation, a cross † is carved in next to the verbal invocation ‘in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit’.

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the epitaph of Viganj Milosević (1410) from the Catholic Church in Kočerin near Široki Brijeg:

 

† VA IME OCA I SINA I SVET(a)GO D(u)HA AMINь. SE LEŽI VIGANь MILOŠEVIĆь. SLUŽI BANU STIPANU, I KRALJU TV(rbt)K, I KRALJU DABIŠI, I KRALJICI GRUBI I KRALJA OSTOJU. I U TO VRIME DOJDE I SVADI SE OSTOJA KRALь S HERCEGOMь I Z BOSN(o)Mь I NA UGRE POJE OSTOJA. TO VRIME MENE VIGNA DOJDE KONьČINA I LEGOHь NA SVOMь PLEMENITOMь PODь KOČERINOMь I MOLJU VASь, NE NASTUPAJTE NA MENE! JA S(a)Mь BILь KAKO VI JESTE. VI ĆETE BITI KAKO JESAMь JA.

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Tombstone with the sign of a cross

 

The Franciscan Monastery of Saint Anthony of Padua in Humac has a rich collection of about 300 works of art permanently on display in the gallery called "Mother."

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